I’m one of those people who depend on email communication. I have for years, and I cannot imagine I’ll ever not rely heavily on email. As I communicate with different people, I have to do so in different ways. For example, with certain contacts, I have to share sensitive information. When that’s the case, I tend to use encryption with my email.
An unencrypted email could be very easy to view by a bad actor. The more sensitive the information, the more you should protect it, and there’s no better way (when working with email) than to make use of encryption.
Here’s how encryption works:
First, you set up encryption on your email client.
Next, you import a public encryption key from a recipient into your email client.
You compose an email to that contact for which you’ve imported the public key.
Before sending, you enable encryption.
When you do this, only the recipient can read the email because they have the private key that matches the public key. Without that private key, the recipient cannot decrypt the email.
It’s that simple. However, you do have to first set up encryption with your email client of choice. For me, that’s Thunderbird. Thankfully, over the past few years, the Thunderbird developers have made the setup fairly simple. Let me show you how it’s done.
How to encrypt email in Thunderbird (and why you should)
How to use encryption in Thunderbird
Okay, the next thing you have to do is import the public key for the recipient you want to send the encrypted mail. After you’ve acquired their public key, click End-to-End encryption for the email account in question (from within Thunderbird Settings), and then click OpenPGP Manager.
From the resulting window, click File > Import Public Keys from File. Navigate to the key in question and import it.
Now that you have the public key imported, compose an email to that recipient. In the compose window, you should see an OpenPGP drop-down. Click that drop-down and select Encrypt to encrypt the email. Also, when you type the email address of a recipient with an associated public key stored, you’ll see an Encrypt button at the bottom right of the compose window. Click that button to encrypt the email.
When the recipient receives the email, as long as they have the matching private key, the email can be decrypted and read.